Lesson 4-7 How are you?

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HOW ARE YOU?

 

 

TO BE – THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (affirmative to be – short forms)

 

TO BE – THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (interrogative)

 

We form the interrogative form by inversion: the subject (=personal pronoun) and the verb (to be) change places.

 

She is happy.                 →   Is she happy?

They a re in the office.  →   Are they in the office?

 

 

 

We form the negative form by adding NOT after the verb to be.

 

She is not happy. (= She’s not happy. = She isn’t happy)

They are not in the office. (They’re not in the office. = They aren’t in the office. )

It is not a cat. It is a dog. (=It’s not a cat. It’s a dog. = It isn’t a cat. It’s a dog.)

 

We use TO BE to talk about a lot of things. For example, we can say our NAME:

I am John. (=My name is John.)

 

Then, we can say how we FEEL:

Thank you. = Thanks.

 

BE + FROM + COUNTRY

BE + FROM + CITY

BE + NATIONALITY

 

We can also talk about where we are from (COUNTRY or CITY) and about NATIONALITY

 

Where are you from? – I am from England.

Where is John from? – He is from America.

Where are they from? – They are from Spain.

 

I am from London.

He is from New York.

She is from Madrid.

 

I am from Spain. I am Spanish.

He is  from London. He is English.

They are from America. They are American

 

THE WORD ORDER IN A SENTENCE

 

In English, we have to be very careful about THE WORD ORDER IN A SENTENCE

 

 

 

 

NUMBERS

 

 

0 zero

1 one

2 two

3 three

4 four

5 five

6 six

7 seven

8 eight

9 nine

10 ten

 

SAYING ONE’S PHONE NUMBER

 

 

What is your phone number? 

 

My phone number is 225-303. 

It is is 225-303.  =  It’s is 225-303.

 

SAYING ONE’S ADDRESS

What is your address?        

       (What is our address? What is her address?)

My address is 5, Moonlight Street. 

It is is 5, Moonlight Street.  =  It’s is 5, Moonlight Street.

 

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES (POSSESSIVE DETERMINERS) are the words that show possession. They show that something belongs to somebody.

 

I am John Smith.                           →    ………………  → My name is John.

You are John Smith.                     →    ………………   → Your surname is Smith.

He is John.                                    →   ………………   → His name is John.

She is Mary.                                 → ………………….. → Her name is Mary.

It is a cat.                                     → …………………. → Its name is Garfield.

We are from Washington.            → ………………… → Our address is 5 Sunshine Drive.

You and Mary are from China.     →  ……………….. → Your address is 2 High Road.

Sue and Tom are from the UK.   → ………………..  → Their phone number is 712-258-896.

 

 

TEST:

 

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